Hebron

(Hevron)
   Sometimes referred to as Kiryat Arba; a town southwest of Jerusalem in the hills of Judea. It is one of the oldest cities in the world and played an important part in the ancient history of the Jewish people. It was the residence of the Jewish patriarchs and served as King David's capital before he conquered Jerusalem. According to Jewish tradition, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob and their wives (Sarah, Rebecca, and Leah) are buried in Hebron's Cave of the Patriarchs (Machpela). The traditional site of the cave, over which a mosque was erected, is one of the most sacred of Jewish shrines. King David first ascended the throne there.
   Hebron was a town of uninterrupted Jewish presence from ancient times until August 1929, when 67 Jews were killed and some 60 others were wounded in Arab riots. Between Israel's War of Independence (1948^49) and the Six-Day War (1967), when Israel captured the city, Israelis had no access to the city or the cave. The Arabs call it Al Halil. The meaning of the name Al Halil is "the friend" or "lover," the nickname given to Abraham, considered a holy man in Islam, who lived and was buried in Hebron. His full nickname, Al Halil Al Rachman, means "the lover of the God." In Isaiah's prophesy, God calls Abraham "my friend" (Isaiah 41:8), and in the Book of Second Chronicles, he is called "Abraham, God's friend" (2 Chronicles 20:7). In the Koran, it is written "saintly Abraham, whom Allah himself chose to be his friend [in Arabic: Ibrahim Hallilian]" (Koran 4, Women 125). The Jewish legend finds in the name Hebron a combination of the two words Haver-Naeh, meaning "a nice company" or "friend," which alludes to Abraham because it was said, "a nice friend—that is Abraham" (Genesis 4:13).
   After the Six-Day War, Israelis flocked to Hebron's religious sites, and it became a central focus of activity for Gush Emunim. Rabbi Moshe Levinger and his 450 or so followers, situated in a series of buildings in Hebron, along with the residents of the nearby settlement of Kiryat Arba, are among the strongest opponents of territorial concessions to the Palestinians. Hebron's Cave of the Patriarchs (Ibrahim Mosque) was the site of the massacre of 29 Arab worshipers by Dr. Baruch Goldstein in February 1994. In January 1997, Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization concluded an agreement to transfer control of 80 percent of Hebron to Palestinian authority, with the Israel Defense Forces remaining in the other 20 percent to protect the city's Jewish population.

Historical Dictionary of Israel. .

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  • HEBRON — (Heb. חֶבְרוֹן; Ar. al Khalīl), city in Ereẓ Israel, 19 mi. (32 km.) S. of Jerusalem in the Judean Hills, 3,050 ft. (930 m.) above sea level. The name Hebron is explained as deriving from the root ḥbr (friend), the name Ḫabiru , or the Arabic… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Hebron — الخليل חברון Stadtansicht …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hebron — • An ancient royal city of Chanaan, famous in biblical history, especially at the time of the patriarchs and under David Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Hebron     Hebron      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Hebron — Hebron, NE U.S. city in Nebraska Population (2000): 1565 Housing Units (2000): 761 Land area (2000): 1.399180 sq. miles (3.623859 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.399180 sq. miles (3.623859 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Hebron — Hebron,   Hevron, Habrun, arabisch Al Chalil [ x ], El Khalil, arabische Stadt im Westjordanland, 30 km südlich von Jerusalem, auf dem Hochland von Judäa, 927 m über dem …   Universal-Lexikon

  • HÉBRON — Ville de Cisjordanie, dans le sud de la Judée, Hébron est célèbre par les tombes d’Abraham et de Sarah, d’Isaac et de Rébecca, de Léa et de Jacob. Son nom arabe, al Khal 稜l, signifie «l’Ami», qualificatif d’Abraham. David y fut sacré roi. Lieu… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • HEBRON — a filio Calebi dicta, prius Arbee et Mambre et Cariatharbe, h. e. civitas quatuor virorum, eo quod quatuor Patriarchae, Adam, Abraham, Isaac et Iacob ibi habitavêrunt, et sepulti sunt: vel urbs Arbe, qui Gigas erat, Enaci progenitor. Urbs fuit… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Hebron, IL — U.S. village in Illinois Population (2000): 1038 Housing Units (2000): 411 Land area (2000): 0.684737 sq. miles (1.773461 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.684737 sq. miles (1.773461 sq. km) FIPS …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Hebron, IN — U.S. town in Indiana Population (2000): 3596 Housing Units (2000): 1456 Land area (2000): 1.549012 sq. miles (4.011922 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.549012 sq. miles (4.011922 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Hebron, MD — U.S. town in Maryland Population (2000): 807 Housing Units (2000): 325 Land area (2000): 0.410494 sq. miles (1.063175 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.410494 sq. miles (1.063175 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Hebron, ND — U.S. city in North Dakota Population (2000): 803 Housing Units (2000): 434 Land area (2000): 1.489235 sq. miles (3.857101 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.489235 sq. miles (3.857101 sq. km) FIPS …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

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